Wednesday, February 27, 2013

Aadhaar enabled Applications

Aadhaar can be used in any system which needs to establish the identity of a resident and/or provide secure access for the resident to services/benefits offered by the system. Aadhaar can be used in the delivery of the following programs (indicative list – details in Annexure):
 Food & Nutrition – Public Distribution System, Food Security, Mid Day Meals, Integrated Child Development Scheme
 Employment – Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Scheme, Swarnajayanti Gram Swarozgar Yojana, Prime Minister’s Employment Guarantee Program
 Education – Sarva Shikhsha Abhiyaan, Right to Education
 Inclusion & Social Security – Development of Primitive Tribe Groups, Indira Gandhi National Old Age Pension Scheme, Indira Awas Yojana
 Healthcare – Rashtriya Swasthya Bima Yojana, Janashri Bima Yojana, Janani Suraksha Yojana, Aam Aadmi Bima Yojana
 Other miscellaneous purposes including Property Transactions, Voter ID, PAN Card etc.
As per its mandate, the UIDAI will actively work on defining the usage of Aadhaar nos. across applications and services, in partnership with concerned Registrars and agencies.
Integration of Aadhaar brings two primary benefits to the Registrar and agencies:
Version 2.0 – April 2012 Page 6
1. De-duplication: Since UIDAI will ensure that the same resident will not be issued two Aadhaar numbers, these numbers are truly unique and can be used to de-duplicate, integrate existing databases or create new ones.
2. Authentication: At the time of delivering a service to the resident, UIDAI recommends that the Aadhaar number is captured along with a biometric (one or more fingerprints, iris), verify online with UIDAI and deliver the service only to the valid resident. In situations where the biometric is not available or the need for authentication is not as high, demographic data along with the Aadhaar number can be verified with UIDAI, and used as a more basic verification. UIDAI does not guarantee the authenticity of the resident in this case.
Thus, Registrars who partner with the UIDAI to enroll residents, can integrate Aadhaar nos. into their programs (referred here as applications), to leverage the benefits of Aadhaar from day 1 of starting operations. These benefits will accrue as soon as enrolment starts – in the form of de-duplicating the existing databases and removing fake/ghost identities. In addition, benefits of substantially larger scale can be realized if Aadhaar number and Aadhaar based authentication is integrated into the Registrar’s existing systems to track and accurately deliver benefits to targeted residents. The monitoring of these systems by residents, community and state authorities could also be made more efficient and effective by using Aadhaar enabled online/mobile solutions.
However, State Governments need not wait to develop their customized applications before starting the enrolment process. Registrars can integrate Aadhaar –based authentication at a later date also, by re-designing their systems and processes to include the Aadhaar ID and Aadhaar based authentication.

No comments:

Post a Comment